The New Masters' Houses of the world's most famous artists' colony were probably instrumental in establishing this myth of purism and minimalism. They were created after the move from Weimar to Dessau in 1925-26 and, after being restored, were made accessible to the public five years ago. What was perhaps conceived as the concept of "new living" and an experiment in serial construction comes across, with its nested bodies, like hermetically sealed cubes. It's as if an imaginary Lego brick had delivered the matrix and guided Gropius' pencil. Nonetheless, it was in the seven years that the Bauhaus existed in Dessau that the most famous buildings and products that have shaped our image from the Bauhaus to the present sprang up. And, just a few months after starting its teaching work, Bauhaus GmbH was founded in November 1925 to make use of the products developed at the school.
A synonym for progress
There is, however, a contradiction between the aspiration formulated by the 1919 Manifesto and what actually became of an idea that conquered the world: the Bauhaus sought to change the world through design only to end up selling luxury goods and design icons. Right from the start, the Bauhaus was an ambitious socio-political project headed by the "Gesamtkunsthandwerker", artisans that united all the "arts and crafts disciplines" (according to Gropius). What is undisputed is the fact that no other school has addressed in such depth, and in a time marked by crises, the issue as to how political, economic, social and cultural upheavals can be controlled through the means of design.